Improving the Health of Your Lawn

Man mowing lawn with Toro mower in Fall

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Let’s face it: when you live in the suburbs, a healthy, well-kept lawn is a must.  Before anyone even steps into your house, it’s your front lawn that makes the first impression of your home.  So what’s something that can help keep your lawn healthy?  Many people seem to forget about aeration.  

What is Aeration?

Aeration, or aerification, is a method of perforating your lawn with small holes to allow for more water circulation and oxygen flow to the soil and roots.  Aeration can help fix lawn challenges like poor drainage or gas exchange, soil compaction, layering in the soil profile, heavy soil in the root zone, and thatch.  It’s one of the best conditional processes you can do for your lawn and is absolutely essential in restoring a worn lawn.  

“From a grass health perspective, it’s probably the single most valuable thing you can do for a lawn along with mowing, watering and fertilizing,” says Ross Hawley, marketing manager for Toro“Aerating leads to healthier, stronger lawns, which minimizes weeds and pest problems.”

How Often Should You Aerate Your Lawn?  

It depends on where you live, and the soil conditions of your yard.  According to Hawley, aeration tends to be done in the spring, when the grass is coming out of winter dormancy, or in the fall, after the stress of summer and root movement.  Aeration is more effective when there are higher levels of moisture in the ground because you can pull deeper cores than with dry ground.  It’s generally recommended that you water your lawn a day before aerating, and watering it again once the job is done.

What Are My Options?

More and more contractors are adding aeration to their list of services, seeing the benefits of aeration on lawns and sports fields, particularly golf courses.  However, with the right equipment, it’s easy to learn the process and do the job yourself.

Aerators come in different models, some similar enough to a lawnmower that it doesn’t take long to get a feel for the equipment.  Most aerators have simple-to-use controls and can be operated by the average property owner.  There’s also no need to get a license to operate the equipment, but the operator should be sure they understand how to use it so they are getting the best results for their lawn.  

Aerating equipment, although easy to learn to use, can be costly for the average homeowner who is only using it once a year.  A basic, mechanically driven “starter” aerator still costs around the $2000 range, with higher-quality hydraulic aerators running between $3000 and $5000.  Fortunately, aerators are available to rent from most equipment rental stores.

Should I Rent or Hire?

“Because aerators are pretty easy for a homeowner to handle, it can make a lot of sense for them to do their aeration themselves, and the easiest and most cost-effective way to do that is to rent equipment when you need it,” says Anna Foster, rental product marketing manager at Toro.  “In fact, a great way to save is to get a pool together with your neighbors. Everyone can chip in on renting the aerator for a day, and it can just be passed along.

“Aerating can be hard work, which is why many people choose to have a professional handle it,” Foster continues.  “If you are going to tackle it by yourself, selecting the right aerator can help cut down on how labor-intensive the job is.”  Foster encourages homeowners to look for brands they are familiar with when renting an aerator.  “At Toro, we’ve adapted the same controls we have on our mowers to our aerators.  This helps cut down on the learning curve on an unfamiliar piece of equipment.”